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Acoustic Neuroma B057
Current RMA Instruments
|Reasonable Hypothesis||96 of 2019|
|Balance of Probabilities||97 of 2019|
Changes from previous Instruments
- ICD-9-CM Codes: 225.1
- CD-10-AM Codes: D33.3
An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumour affecting the vestibular or cochlear nerve to the ear.
Confirming the diagnosis
The diagnosis is suggested by an otherwise unexplained asymmetric hearing loss and may be further pointed to by brainstem-evoked response audiometry. Confirmation of diagnosis typically requires a CT or MRI scan of the brain. Histology is generally only obtained at the time of surgical removal and is not required for diagnosis.
The relevant medical specialist is an ENT surgeon.
Additional diagnoses covered by SOP
- Vestibular schwannoma
Conditions not covered by SOP
- Acoustic neuroma associated with neurofibromatosis#
# non-SOP condition
The condition may present with asymmetrical (sensorineural) hearing loss or tinnitus, balance/vertigo symptoms, or occasionally with facial numbness or paralysis. It may be found incidentally on imaging of the brain (CT or MRI) performed for another reason.
The only worsening factor is for inability to obtain appropriate clinical management. The condition is slowly progressive without treatment. Treatment can consist of surgery, radiation therapy, or observation. Long term control can be acheived with appropriate therapy. Surgery may result in morbidity (hearing loss, vestibular symptoms, facial weakness).