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Acute Infectious Mononucleosis A047
Current RMA Instruments
|Reasonable Hypothesis SOP||17 of 2021|
|Balance of Probabilities SOP||18 of 2021|
Changes from previous Instruments
- ICD-9-CM Codes: 075
- ICD-10-AM Codes: B27.0
Acute infectious mononucleosis, also known as glandular fever, is an acute illness due to Epstein-Barr virus infection. It is characterised by fever, tonsilar pharyngitis, fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes and an elevated lymphocyte count on blood testing. It is most common in adolescents and young adults.
Confirming the diagnosis
Epstein-Barr virus infection is very common and often asymptomatic. Evidence of past infection can be found in 90% or more of older adults. Aysmptomatic infection is not a disease (for DVA purposes) and is not covered by the SOP.
A diagnosis of acute infectious mononucleosis requires both a clinical illness consistent with the condition and laboratory evidence of recently acquired Epstein-Barr virus infection. Laboratory evidence can include a heterophile antibody (monospot) test or serology testing for EBV-specific antibodies. The diagnosis can be made by a general practitioner.
The relevant medical specialist is an infectious diseases physician.
Additional diagnoses covered by SOP
- Glandular fever (but see conditions not covered)
- Acute infectious mononucleosis - resolved
- Symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infection
Conditions not covered by SOP
- Asymptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infection - N.I.F.
- Chronic fatigue syndrome*
- Glandular fever due to cytomegalovirus infection#
- Infectious mononucleosis type illness due to other viral infection (e.g. cytomegalovirus)
* Another SOP applies
# Non-SOP condition
Clinical onset will be based on the time of onset of relevant symptoms, for all illness subsequently confirmed to be due to Epstein-Barr virus infection.
The only SOP worsening factor is for inability to obtain appropriate clinical management. Most cases fully resolve within a few weeks and require only supportive therapy. Avoidance of strenuous activity for several weeks may be recommended (to allow recovery from fatigue and avoid risk of splenic rupture). Disease modifying therapy is not available. Fatigue may persist in a small minority of cases. Chronic fatigue may develop in a small percentage, in which case the chronic fatigue syndrome SOP may apply.