You are here
Animal Envenomation S008
In this section
Current RMA Instruments
|Reasonable Hypothesis SOP||81 of 2016|
|Balance of Probabilities SOP||82 of 2016|
Changes from previous Instruments
- ICD-9-CM Codes: 989.5
- ICD-10-AM Codes: X20-X27
This SOP covers the direct effects of bites, stings and injections from venomous animals, but not stings from plants and not ingestion of toxins or allergens from e.g. eating fish.
Confirming the diagnosis
Diagnosis should be straightforward, based on the clinical presentation and the physical evidence of a wound or reaction site. It is not essential to identify the animal involved to confirm the diagnosis.
Diagnoses not covered by SOP
- Ciguatera poisoning
- Fugu/pufferfish poisoning
- Food allergy, e.g. from eating crustaceans
(all non-SOP conditions)
Clinical onset will be generally within hours (but up to three days) after the bite, sting or injection, except for a bite from a paralysis tick, where onset may be up to 12 days later.