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Restrictions

Algeria

3 September 1939 to 21 June 1940

9 November 1942 to 8 May 1945

Between 22 June 1940 and 8 November 1942 Algerian Forces formed part of the Vichy French Forces.  Members of the Algerian Forces who served during this period do not, therefore, qualify as members of the Forces of an allied country not withstanding that they may have also served during a period when Algeria was considered to be an Allied Force.

Bulgaria

8 September 1944 to 8 May 1945

Bulgaria formed part of the Axis Forces until 7 September 1944 when it declared war on Germany after signing an armistice with Russia.  Bulgarian Forces then came under Soviet Command and took an active role in the defeat of German Forces in Yugoslavia, Hungary and Austria.  Bulgaria also signed an armistice with the other allies on 28 October 1944.

China

8 December 1941 to 2 September 1945

Although China and Japan were at war from 1937 onwards, eligibility can only be conceded to troops of both Mao Tse-tung and Chiang Kai-shek after the declaration of war on Japan by the USA and Australia on 8 December 1941.

Ethiopia

31 January 1942 - 8 May 1945

Ethiopia began the war as an annexed state of Italy.  Successful British campaigns in East Africa in 1940 -1941 resulted in the withdrawal of Italy from this region and an Agreement and Military Convention between the United Kingdom and Ethiopia was signed on 31 January 1942, in which Ethiopia agreed to support the British forces against the common enemy, Italy.

Ethiopia continued to support the Allies until the end of the war.

Finland

16 September 1944 to 8 May 1945

Following the German invasion of Russia on 22 June 1941, the Finnish Parliament declared, on 25 June 1941, that a state of war also existed between Finland and the USSR.  Britain declared war on Finland on 6 December of that year.

The USSR-Finnish armistice was signed on 19 September 1944. A state of war existed between Finland and Germany from 16 September 1944.

France

Service with the Vichy French 'Armistice Army' from 22 June 1940 to 10 November 1942 to be excluded as service with the enemy.

Hungary

20 January 1945 to 8 May 1945

Hungary adhered to the German-Italian-Japanese Tripartite Pact and supplied troops for Germany to equip.  Hungary signed an armistice with the Allies on 20 January 1945, but Soviet Forces did not clear Hungary of Germans until 4 April 1945.

Italy

13 October 1943 to 2 May 1945

The Italian armistice with the Allies was announced on 8 September 1943.  The Government, however, did not declare war on Germany until 13 October 1943.  Thus, the conditions of subsection 5C(1) of the VEA which defines the term "allied country" were not satisfied until 13 October 1943.  From that date, the Italian defence forces were fighting with the Allies against the German forces.  Meanwhile, the Garibaldi Brigades were engaged in fighting against the German forces in the northern part of Italy.  Following an agreement between the Italian government and the Committee of National Liberation for Northern Italy (C.L.N.A.I.) on 26 December 1944, the Garibaldi Brigades formally commenced service in the Italian defence forces.  From that date i.e. 26 December 1944, the Garibaldi Brigades became a defence force established by an allied country within the meaning of subsection 5C(1) of the VEA.  Individual units/divisions of the Garibaldi Brigades are listed in Section 3 Units/Divisions of the Garibaldi Brigades. The German forces in Italy surrendered unconditionally on 2 May 1945.

Russia

22 June 1941 to 8 May 1945

8 August 1945 to 14 August 1945

The German offensive against the USSR began on 22 June 1941 and on the same day Churchill welcomed the Soviet Union as a comrade in war.  A formal agreement between the British and Soviet Governments was concluded on 12 July 1941.

Yugoslavia

Only service with the following Forces between the dates indicated:

  • the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces in Yugoslavia during the period 6 to 17 April 1941 inclusive - the period of the German invasion;
  • the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces in Africa and in other places outside Yugoslavia as part of an allied force during World War II;
  • the Chetniks (known officially as the Royal Yugoslav Army in the Homeland) during such time as that Force was recognised by King Peter's Government-in-exile, that is, from 18 April 1941 to 12 September 1944 inclusive (after 12 September 1944 the Partisans were recognised by the allies as the only legitimate force inside Yugoslavia); and
  • the Partisans (otherwise known as the Yugoslav People's Army or the People's Liberation Army) from the time that an alternative government - the National Liberation Council - was formed in Yugoslavia on 4 December 1943 to 8 May 1945.