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Immersion Pulmonary Oedema H015
Current RMA Instruments
SOP bulletin information on new SOPs
- ICD-9-CM Codes: 518.4
- ICD-10-AM Codes: J81.0
In this condition acute pulmonary oedema (fluid in the lungs) develops in generally young, fit divers and endurance swimmers. It has been reported in special forces personnel during long distance open water training swims and in military divers. It tends to occur in cold water.
Confirming the diagnosis
The diagnosis is usually made on clinical grounds. There are no specific investigations required.
The relevant medical specialist is a respiratory physician.
Additional diagnoses covered by the SOP
- Swimming-induced pulmonary oedema
Conditions not covered by the SOP
- Pulmonary oedema from other causes
The condition develops acutely during activity and presents with shortness of breath out of proportion to effort, and cough with frothy sputum that may be blood tinged.
The condition usually resolves with conservative management and no enduring consequences. Recurrent episodes may occur. Some deaths have been reported.