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Hazardous Service









Hazardous service is a service type determined by the Minister of Defence. It covers service which exposes individuals or units to a degree of hazard beyond that of normal peacetime duty.

A person can qualify as a member of the Forces prior to the completion of three years service if he or she has rendered hazardous service.

Where a person has undertaken hazardous service, but not completed the minimum period for which they were engaged, or appointed only incidents related to the period of hazardous service can be accepted as defence caused.

Declarations of hazardous service

The following table lists the declarations of hazardous service by the Minister for Defence.     

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Applies to...


17 November 1986 to 28 February 1989

The Gulf of Iran and the Gulf of Oman west of a line joining Rass-el-Hadd and the southern end of the Iran-Pakistan border and the countries littoral to those waters to a maximum distance inland of 50 km from the high water mark.

The 1991 Gulf War

Transit from the last port of call in Australia to i) the Operational Area, or ii) 2 August 1990, whichever is the latter

ADF members while proceeding on Defence duty from Australia to the operational area.  If the ADF member was on exchane with an allied force, they are covered while proceeding on duty to the Operational area from a place outside the operational area. 

The 1991 Gulf War

On and after 8 June 1991 and before 1 April 1996

Service as a member of the ADF on a RAN or allied vessel in the operational area definied in the determination.


On or after 7 May 1991

Service as a member of the ADF as part of Operation HABITAT (providing humanitarian aid to Kurdish refugees) in Iraq and Turkey south of latitue 38 degrees north.


On or after 2 July 1991

Service as a member of the ADF as part of Operation BLAZER with the UN Special Commission for the destruction of Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq.


On or after 8 June 1991

Service as an ADF member with with the UN Office for Coordinating Assistance to Afghanistan (UNOCA) or the UN Mine Clearance Training Team (UNMCTT) in Afghanistan.



On or after 8 October 1993

(Replaced by a non-warlike service determination)

The area upon following its cessation as an operational area.Service in the area comprising Cambodia and the areas of Laos and Thailand that are not more than 50 km from the Cambodian border.


On or after 12 July 1994

Service as an ADF member part of UN humanitarian operations in Mozambique.



On or after 25 July 1994

(Replaced by a warlike service determination)

Service with the UN Mission for Rwanda. Includes areas not more than 50 km from the Rwandan border in:

  • Uganda

  • Zaire - now the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Burundi

  • Tanzania


On or after 17 September 1994

Service as a member of the ADF as part of USA-led multi-national force operating in Haiti.

Former Republic of YugoslaviaOn or after 24 January 1997Service as a member of the ADF while on exchange with allied forces in the former Republic of Yugoslavia.
Arabian GulfOn or after 1 April 1996Service as a member of the ADF in the area comprising those international waters, contiguous ports and waters used for international navigation contained with the Arabian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman and the Northern Arabian Sea with an eastern extremity of 61 degrees, 50 minutes East and a southern extremity of 20 degrees North.

For details of the specific determinations, see the Service Eligibility Assistant.