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1. Introduction

Document

Animal Fat in the Australian Diet including in Service Rations during World War 2 - Introduction

This review was commissioned to analyse and report on the documentation available on the level of animal fat in the Australian diet with particular reference to the level pre-World War 2, during the War years 1939-1945 in the armed services' and civilian diets, immediately post-World War 2, and then until the present time.

This review is to provide a background, within which to examine claims made in relation to the Amendment of Statement of Principles, concerning Malignant Neoplasm of the Prostate (Instrument No 191 of 1996 of the Repatriation Medical Authority).

The definition of animal fat used in this review is that defined by the Repatriation Medical Authority in the amended Statement of Principles, given below.

Statement of Principles - Malignant neoplasm of the prostate

On the 9th December 1996, the Repatriation Medical Authority amended the above Statement of Principles (1) to replace factor (b) by the following factor that must as a minimum exist before it can be said that a reasonable hypothesis has been raised connecting malignant neoplasm of the prostate or death from malignant neoplasm of the prostate with the circumstances of service:

"(b) increasing animal fat consumption by at least 40 %, and to at least 70g/day for at least 20 years before the clinical onset of malignant neoplasm of the prostate.

Animal fat means fat in or derived from:

(a) beef, veal, pork, mutton or lamb or offal which may be in any form, for example, main dish, sandwich or mixed dish, in preserved meats, ham frankfurters, sausages, salami, bologna, deli meat items, lard and bacon: and

(b) dairy products, for example milk, cream, sour cream, sherbet or icemilk, icecream, yoghurt, cottage cheese, ricotta cheese, cream cheese, other cheese and butter."

The review will be structured so that a particular issue or question is identified to be followed by the available evidence relating to this matter.

The section on this issue or question will be concluded by stating a proposition, with a short summary of supporting evidence for this conclusion.