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Thromboangiitis Obliterans G005
In this section
Current RMA Instruments
|Reasonable Hypothesis SOP||28 of 2017|
|Balance of Probabilities SOP||29 of 2017|
Changes from previous Instruments
- ICD-9-CM Codes: 443.1
- ICD-10-AM Codes: I73.1
Thromboangiitis obliterans is a nonatherosclerotic, segmental, inflammatory disease that most commonly affects the small to medium-sized arteries and veins of the extremities, resulting in occlusive thrombus and distal extremity ischaemia. It occurs almost exclusively in smokers.
Confirming the diagnosis
The diagnosis is predominantly made on clinical grounds. Biopsy of subcutaneous nodules or superficial thrombophlebitis, if present, provides a definitive diagnosis, but is rarely needed.
The relevant medical specialist is a physician or vascular surgeon.
Additional diagnoses covered by SOP
- Buerger's disease
Typical age of onset is 40 to 45 years. It presents with ischaemia of the hands or feet manifesting as pain and discolouration, and progressing to ulceration. Superficial thrombophlebitis may be present.
Disease progression is usual and amputations are commonly required. Life expectancy is reduced. Smoking cessation can reduce symptoms and the risk of major amputations.